Legitimacy and the use of political violence in ethnonational conflicts in Europe. by William M. Lafferty

Cover of: Legitimacy and the use of political violence in ethnonational conflicts in Europe. | William M. Lafferty

Published by International Society of Political Psychology in Finland .

Written in English

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ContributionsInternational Society of Political Psychology.
The Physical Object
Pagination19p. ;
Number of Pages19
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17337408M

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Political violence is an umbrella term, covering phenomena variously thought of as rebellions, insurgencies, terrorism, civil war, and so on. Legitimacy is likewise a broad term, variously connoting acceptance, acquiescence, endorsement, approval, and so on. Ethnic conflict is shaped and mediated by the institutional context in which it occurs.

Political institutions have a direct impact on the development of ethnic identity, its use in political mobilization, as well as the means available to negotiate group : Jacques Bertrand. Introduction. The study of legitimacy in situations of conflict and peacebuilding has increased in recent years.

Not only do scholars point to the important role that legitimacy plays in ending wars and building peace, but policymakers and donors have started to incorporate legitimacy considerations into their strategies and policies (Department of Peacekeeping Operations ; Cited by: This book offers an unprecedented account of the Serb Democratic Party’s origins and its political machinations that culminated in Europe’s bloodiest conflict since World War II.

Within the first two years of its existence, the nationalist movement led by the infamous genocide convict Radovan Karadzic, radically transformed Bosnian society. A collection of original case studies of different types of political violence in the 20th and 21st century inspired by the pioneering work of Robert Conquest.

It focuses on Legitimacy and the use of political violence in ethnonational conflicts in Europe. book origins, manifestations and legitimation of such violence and includes the former Soviet Union, Mao's China, Castro'sBrand: Palgrave Macmillan US.

The main causes of violence have been varied inter-communal conflicts, including collective and individual violence such as that perpetrated against Hutu in and Tutsi inor the contestation of President Nkurunziza’s third political mandate in While the ethnic dimensions of Burundian experiences of violence are complex.

In the evolution of political violence, some have argued that popular protest most often and consistently lead to coup or political overthrow, (for instance the recent rebellion against Blaise. Gene Sharp, in Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, & Conflict (Second Edition), Conclusion.

Nonviolent action is an important technique for conducting social, economic, and political conflicts without the use of physical violence.

Nonviolent action is an old technique that in recent decades appears to be coming into increasingly significant. In organising this section we seek to further the development of research on political violence in Europe and globally, to contribute to establishing an international network of scholars working in this field and to promote the publication of outputs such co-edited books or special issues of international journals.

10 Ethno-political legitimacy crisis as transition to violence. Non-violent proactive action by a disadvantaged and aggrieved ethnic group seeking a revision of the established ethno-political order poses a challenge to the constitutional order if, as in the former USSR or Yugoslavia, a multi-ethnic state includes ethno-territorial principles in the foundation of its political organization.

The central theme of this edited Dutch book is that ethnic violence is rarely spontaneous but often an orchestrated spectacle to fulfill several political and economic interests. Suggested Citation:"Violence in Ethnonational Conflicts in the Post-Soviet Space." National Research Council.

Conflict and Reconstruction in Multiethnic Societies: Proceedings of a Russian-American Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: / ×. Ethnic conflict, political violence and wars that presently shape many parts of world have deep-seated structural causes. In poor and highly indebted countries, economic and environmental decline, asset depletion, and erosion of the subsistence base lead to further impoverishment and food insecurity for vast sectors of the population.

Use of violence by nonstate actors against CIVILIANS to achieve a political goal. State-sponsored terrorism States sponsor nonstate terrorist groups as a means to extend their power by proxy, using terrorism as an instrument of foreign policy.

Legitimacy and Political Violence Although she does not offer examples to illustrate these distinctions, Crenshaw observes that left-wing terrorists generally "deny the legitimacy of the state and claim that the use of violence against it is morally justified." Right-wing terrorists.

of political violence by the use of terms such as 'domestic conflict' and 'political instability' among others. Rummel [24] and Tanter [28] use the term 'domestic sion through relatively organized groups challenging or testing the legitimacy of the governing regime.

Neil Smelser's concept [25] of what he termed The Hostile Outburst'. This helped push the Saudis and Huthis to engage in talks aimed at de-escalating their conflict and removing Yemen from the playing field of the regional Saudi-Iran power struggle; both sides have significantly reduced cross-border strikes.

If this leads to a UN-brokered political. Power, Legitimacy, and Violence Richard A. Couto1 Abstract: This paper examines and juxtaposes discourses about terrorism, violence, and political leadership.

It presents generalizations about terrorism—a form of political violence by, for, and against the state—and politics and violence based on the theories of Max Weber and Hannah Arendt.

Clandestine Political Violence compares four types of clandestine political violence: left-wing (in Italy and Germany), right-wing (in Italy), ethnonationalist (in Spain) and religious fundamentalist (in Islamist clandestine organizations).

Oriented toward theory building, Della Porta develops her own definition of clandestine political violence. In the twenty-first century, these conflicts were subdued, but violence continued to flare occasionally and impede durable conflict resolution.

In this comparative study, Maria Koinova applies historical institutionalism to conflict analysis, tracing ethnonationalist violence in postcommunist states to a volatile, formative period between Any rational person would agree that violence is not legitimate unless the consequences of such action are to eliminate a still greater evil.

Now there are people of course who go much further and say that one must oppose violence in general, quite apart from any possible consequences.

I think that such a person is asserting one of two things. The targeted violence against traditional authorities reflects how aware violent actors are of the positive potential these leaders have as bridges between the community and the state. Otherwise, the dichotomy between violence and legitimacy might erode—and without that dichotomy, it would be much harder to justify the use of force against those who threaten the status quo.

By the same token, the more ground we cede in what we permit the authorities to define as violent, the more they will sweep into that category, and the. It also highlights the personal / political costs and benefits incurred by such women.

This book provides a valuable insight into female combatants, and is a significant contribution to the literature. This book will be of great interest to students of political violence, ethnic conflict, gender studies and international relations in general.

“Rare is the book that by the end of it, you have changed your perception as well as understanding of the relevant phenomenon. Lynching and Local Justice by Danielle Jung and Dara Kay Cohen is such a book. I thought of lynching as the act of largely apolitical mobs running through the countryside very much distinct from the larger political projects taking place throughout the relevant.

The CRF is part of the Conflict Research Programme (CRP), a four year, UK Department of International Development funded research program based at the London School of Economics and Political Science that investigates the drivers of violent conflict in five cases: Somalia, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, and Syria.

Boundaries may have become more permeable than in the past, but they remain the hard lines that determine the territorial extent of the state and, by definition, the citizenship of those residing therein.

Notwithstanding the discourse of deterritorialization and the “end of the state,” the hard boundaries that separate states in the international system remain important delimiters of power.

Legitimacy and Non‐State Political Violence. Christopher J. Finlay. Political Science & International Studies, University of Birmingham. I would like to thank the POLSIS Political Theory Research Group at the University of Birmingham for constructive criticism on an earlier version of this article and, in particular, Luis Cabrera and Richard.

Discussion of violence in political history thus compels us to ask as well the harder questions of motive and morality. Considerations of such questions leads us to the third issue to be examined in the classroom: whether in some contexts actual political violence can carry a sense of legitimacy.

She holds that violence in protests is a product of two distinct developments: aggressive police action and political factionalisation, in which distinct political groups try to dominate the. Between Legitimacy and Violence is an authoritative, sweeping history of Colombia’s “long twentieth century,” from the tumultuous civil wars of the late nineteenth century to the drug wars of the late twentieth.

Marco Palacios, a leading Latin American historian, skillfully blends political, economic, social, and cultural history. Conflict-related sexual violence has become increasingly recognized in international spaces as a serious, political form of violence.

As part of this process, distinctions between the categories of ‘sexual violence’ and ‘torture’ have blurred as scholars and other actors have sought to capitalize on the globally recognized status of torture in raising the profile of sexual violence.

The use of violence by nonstate actors against civilians in order to achieve a political goal conflicts usually between states in which belligerents acknowledge limits on both the resources applied to an armed conflict, and on the political objectives sought by means of war (namely, some objective less than the total defeat of the adversary.

Studies in Conflict and Terrorism,” Vol. 24, No. 4, (), pp. ; Ian Reader, “Spectres and Shadows: Aum Shinrikyo and the Road to Megiddo,” Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol.

14, No.1, (), pp. [30] Laqueur includes these cults in his list of millennialist terrorists, noting that not all millennialists are violent. Groups that use violence also employ justifications for that violence, whether tailored for themselves, supporters or external observers.

This article seeks to analyse critically selected examples of such justifications through the lens of applied ethics, specifically the justificatory theories termed deontology and consequentialism.

Legitimacy, in traditional Western common law, is the status of a child born to parents who are legally married to each other, and of a child conceived before the parents obtain a legal sely, illegitimacy (or bastardy) has been the status of a child born outside marriage, such a child being known as a bastard, a love child, or illegitimate, when such a child has been.

POWER SHAPES CONFLICT Conflict is of power, and the over-all structure of expectations constituting a state shapes the nature and direction of manifest independent of the separate structures of expectations across societies (Section ), conflict is closely related to the type of whether a society is authoritative, coercive, or exchange will fundamentally.

Collective Political Violence is a concise, but thorough, interdisciplinary analysis of the many competing concepts, theories and explanations of political conflict, including revolutions, civil wars, genocide, and terrorism. To further his examination of each type of conflict, Earl Conteh-Morgan presents case studies, from the Rwandan genocide to the United States civil rights s: 1.

The date: November 3, The place: Barbour County, Alabama. Republicans had dominated the area since the end of the Civil War, thanks to newly freed black voters along with alleged out-of-state White League, a paramilitary group set up to promote white men and Democrats, came to the town of Eufaula, hoping to intimidate or otherwise persuade Republican voters to abstain.

Politics in Europe, Seventh Edition introduces students to the power of the European Union as well as seven political systems—the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Russia, Poland—within a common analytical framework that enables students to conduct both single-case and cross-national analysis.

Each case addresses the most relevant questions of comparative political analysis: who governs. InCongress passed the Violence Against Women Act in recognition of the severity of crimes associated with domestic violence, sexual assault, and staking (, Web).

There should be stricter punishment enforced to stop threats and dangerous stages of domestic violence because there are times when a situation can get out of hand, and. On 9 NovemberMary Kaldor, Professor of Global Governance and Director of the Conflict and Civil Society Research Unit at the London School of Economics (LSE), gave a book talk on her recently released book, International Law and New Wars, co-written with Professor Christine Chinkin, at the Security Council Report in New York City.

// Hamas and Fatah’s September 24 agreement to hold elections reflects recent geopolitical shifts in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and can contribute to lasting Palestinian unity. The announcement by the two Palestinian factions is a moment of potential reconciliation for Palestinians, which could be the critical juncture necessary for peace between Israel .

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